There are a lot of fern varieties, but not all are suitable for indoor cultivation. Among home collections you can find the following types:
- Maidenhair. It has thin, slightly translucent leaves of light green color on elegant black stems. Suitable for growing in humid and cool rooms.
- An ordinary ostrich, which is distinguished by original leaves similar to ostrich feathers.
- Orlyak. This plant can grow up to 70 cm in length, its leaves are hard, single. It is considered a medicinal type of fern.
- Nephrolepis is beautiful, rather large, its leaves are hard, long, light green in color. In some plants they grow vertically, dropping over time, in others they are wavy, immediately drooping down. There are many varieties of this variety. They are most often chosen for growing at home.
- The male thyroid is a powerful large plant with light green leaves. It is considered poisonous, but healing.
- The female coder-skier is distinguished by openwork, dissected leaves, in everyday life it is often used to fill aquariums.
Attention! For growing a house, varieties of nephrolepis are usually chosen. These flowers are beautiful, hardy and relatively unpretentious in care.
Female Stingray (Athýrium fílix-fémina)
Male Thyroid (Dryópteris fílix-mas)
Orlyak (Pterídium aquilínum)
Ostrich (Matteuccia struthiopteris)
Potted fern - indoor microclimate indicator
Fern is considered a plant viable, however, some rules of care and conditions for its good growth must be observed. And if in nature the plant will grow remarkably in sandy or peaty soil, it will do well without replanting and pruning, then in an apartment even in the most ideal land it may begin to wither. The reason for this can be an unfavorable indoor climate.
Fern is sensitive to the atmosphere in which it is located, and is a kind of litmus in determining the purity of air. Ferns begin to die and get sick under conditions of gas contamination and smoky environment. They do not tolerate too dry air, so one of the main conditions for the growth of this plant is good access to fresh air.
Poor growth and slow death of a fern is an occasion to think about the environmental situation in a house or apartment. It is likely that there is a gas leak in the house, or it is time to buy a cooker hood. It is worth checking the humidity level: maybe it makes sense to buy a humidifier.
Important! If, following the basic rules of care, the fern continues to languish, it makes sense to think about the quality and humidity of the air in the room. Fern reacts sharply to gas and low humidity.
Lighting, location, temperature
The plant adequately perceives the shadow, so it can be placed even in the corner farthest from the window. But this does not mean that he does not need light at all: the scattered sunlight must fall on the leaves. If there is a place in the corner opposite the window or at the southwestern window opening, it is better to give it to the fern.
A perennial plant has rather large sizes, gradually growing both in height and in width. It’s unlikely that it will be possible to attach it to the windowsill, it needs space.
The ideal temperature for indoor fern is about 20 degrees. Theoretically, a plant can withstand a jump of up to 12 degrees, but it is not worth it to arrange such an extreme.
Watering and spraying
Fern prefers moderate, and most importantly - regular watering. The soil in the pot where nephrolepis grows should always be slightly moist, but at the same time not swampy. If you ignore this moment, first dry, and then pour a flower abundantly, you can provoke festering of the roots of the fern. Watering the flower two to three times a week will be quite enough, at the same time it should be sprayed. For irrigation, rain water or soft, settled is suitable.
If the air in the room is too dry, you will have to spray the plant more often - every day. With moderate humidity, two to three times a week is enough. Watering and spraying can combine or alternate these procedures.
Attention! Moderate regular watering with soft water (temperature about 20 degrees) and a little sunlight are the main conditions for plant health.
For planting and further good growth of ferns of the Nephrolepis variety, soil is needed in structure and composition similar to that used by the plant in nature: loose, with rotten leaves, needles, peat residues.
The soil for planting should be slightly acidic, ideally with impurities of sand and humus, as well as turf, peat, leafy soil. Mandatory conditions - water permeability and friability of the substrate.
In pressed soil, water may stagnate and the roots may begin to rot. As a result, the plant will fall ill and die. The first sign of too moist soil is brown and brown spots on the leaves. Subsequently, you can even see how the leaves dry on the fern. The same symptoms will appear with too dry air or dry soil.
Experts say that ferns do not need too much fertilizing: twice a month will be enough. Mineral fertilizers or organic fertilizers will be quite suitable for feeding. With the latter, you can miscalculate and dilute a too concentrated solution. Minerals are best diluted in accordance with the instructions.
Know! The best soil for fern is with admixtures of peat, humus and sand.
Transplantation and reproduction
Ferns of any varieties and species can be replanted every year. In order not to harm the roots, it is better not to transplant, but to transplant the flower. When transplanting, you need to take the pot a couple of centimeters more, carefully, without injuring the roots, transfer the flower with soil into it and add earth mixture. The best time is the beginning of the growing season, that is, spring. During the autumn transshipment, the plant may take root for a long time, or it may become sick.
If the bush is large, daughter bushes have already appeared, the fern can be divided, thus multiplying the plant. Small plants are better off creating greenhouse conditions. It is likely that the new daughter process, even if it is rooted, does not take root. Despite this, this method is most convenient for reproduction.
Seed propagation (by spores) is a complex process and is not possible under indoor conditions, but Chelyabinsk gardeners have already learned to propagate ferns by seeds. Watch the video on how the process of seed propagation occurs.
Each part of the plant is very important in the life of the whole plant, therefore, fern pruning should be carried out only in emergency cases, if:
- parts of the plant are injured or damaged (for example, sunlight, or cold air),
- the plant is damaged by insects or disease,
- There is a need to stimulate the growth of fresh foliage.
If you still need to trim, do it better not at the peak of growth. For indoor fern, 1-2 cuts per year is enough. Old leaves, yellowed from time and age of the flower, need to be cut with secateurs or clippers. Trimming the antennae or parts of the roots that hang down is not necessary. If you want to make them invisible, you can twist them and "hide" them in a pot, above the soil, securing them with wire.
Please note! The best option for propagating a flower at home is to plant a large plant. Spore propagation is an extremely complex process.
Problems growing a fern at home
When planting a home fern, you need to understand that only high-quality care at home will minimize its illness and will guarantee that pests will bypass the healthy and strong flower side. One of the causes of diseases and weakening of ferns is a violation of irrigation rules.
Many gardeners say: at some point, they discovered that leaves turn yellow on the flower or brown spots appear on them. In this case, the destructive process begins from the edges, and the whole sheet gradually disappears. But do not confuse the disease with the natural process of dying off old leaves.
Incorrect watering can also provoke the appearance of a nematode in the ground. In this case, the plant will save only a transplant and a change of soil, and then not always. The insect settles in foliage and rhizomes, so it is extremely difficult to get rid of the fern from it. One of the helpers in the treatment of this pest is a solution of the Ateplik drug.
Unsuitable, too dry air can cause aphids, thrips, scutes. As a prophylaxis against these pests, you need to regularly spray the plant. If the infection has occurred, you can try to spray it with a solution of "Karbofos" or the same "Actelika".
Important! Do not confuse the process of dying off old foliage with fern disease or the action of pests on everything, including very young leaves.
Abundant sunlight can cause fading in the color of foliage in combination with brown spots. The pallor of the leaves will tell, on the contrary, about its lack or lack of plant nutrition.
The cause of poor growth is likely to be a small pot, and the blackening and rot of the foliage will appear due to a fungal infection of a plant such as potted fern. A photo published by amateur gardeners and professionals on the Internet will allow you to more accurately determine what your flower is specifically sick with.
Folk omens and beliefs about fern
Many flower growers and florists do not lose sight of various folklore signs. Regarding ferns, they are radically different: some assure of its positive influence on the spiritual atmosphere in the house, others say the opposite. It is better to be optimistic and not refuse to grow this flower at home. Here is what the folk voice prophesies to the owners of fern:
- Peace and quiet. If there is a fern in the house, there will be no temper and aggression, the tenants will become softer and more tolerant, friendlier and more restrained. The plant will have the same effect on the atmosphere in the house as a whole.
- Harmony in a relationship. This is especially true for families whose members have different temperaments. Thanks to the fern, experts say, people will get along even better, and harmony and happiness will reign in the family.
- Good luck in all matters. Fern attracts fortune and material success, even sudden wealth to the most gamblers. The plant protects from waste and makes its owner lucky.
- Charm. They say that the fern is able to scare away all evil spirits from the house, protect it from witchcraft and magic and become a family talisman.
Important! Fern will bring harmony and peace to the house, will establish relations between family members and attract good luck to the owners.
Fern is a beautiful, elegant, and also useful plant in any household. It will not only decorate the interior, make it cozy, but will also be useful. On the one hand, any greenery in the room is a natural source of clean air; for a living working room, this is more than an important factor.
On the other hand, a fern is an indicator of the state of the atmosphere in an apartment or office. And according to popular signs, fern bushes will have a positive impact on the harmony and well-being of the family in whose house the fern grows.
Conditions to Create for Fern
Before planting a fern, prepare the soil for it. In nature, ferns often grow on forest soil among grass cover. Nobody removes leaves in the forest, so the soil is rich in its decaying residues and other organic substances. When preparing the soil, choose a special soil rich in organic matter and sphagnum.
Places where ferns grow have high humidity. That is why it is better to plant fern in a plastic pot, because in a clay vessel, water evaporates much faster. If the top layer in the pot dries, then this is a signal that the fern needs to be watered. It is not worth stinging the water, and you can water it until the water starts to ooze from the drainage hole. If the room is warmer than 24 degrees, then the fern needs more frequent watering. Of course, fern can also suffer from excess water - its leaves will turn yellow. If there is not enough water, then they will fade.
Also, air humidity is important for a fern, because with dry air in the room the leaves begin to grow brown. This requires good air circulation in the room. In the room, you can place an air humidifier or put a container of water near the pot with fern. It is allowed to periodically spray water on the fern. If the water used for irrigation has a lot of salts, then the roots of the plant will rot. Too clean water is also better not to water and not spray, so ideally rain water is suitable
In the forest, ferns grow under trees, so at home it is necessary to create such lighting that it is diffused, daylight entering the window is enough for the plant. Optimal for fern growth will be a room whose windows face north or east. Sunny rooms are not suitable for them, because bright light adversely affects ferns, they quickly dry out. If the room is not lit enough, then the fern grows very slowly and has poor leaf color. If there is not enough natural light, it is necessary to adjust the room light so that the lamps dimly shine from above for 4-6 hours.
Since the wild fern is accustomed to living on the street and changing periods of the year, the conditions must be brought closer to natural. In the cold season, the room temperature should be lower, the lighting should also be changed to simulate a cold leafless period. You can transplant fern from the end of spring until the beginning of autumn, when the natural period of active vegetation is in progress. At this time, the plant needs good nutrition. Do not forget to remove damaged leaves in time, because this contributes to the normal growth of fern. Pay attention to pests, such as spider mites. They can be collected manually or washed off by spraying water on a fern.
Is it possible to grow fern in the house
Myths about ferns claim that these plants can take energy from their owners. This is partly true, because in the dark, such plants actively absorb oxygen from the surrounding air and emit a lot of carbon dioxide. That is why it is not worth placing ferns in the bedroom, because sleeping in a room with ferns can lead to headaches in the morning and fatigue. Also, fern in the house can cause the development of an allergy that arises on its spores.
Indoor fern: home care
Among all ferns, nephrolepis is the best option for growing in rooms, as it is the most hardy representative of this species. Nephrolepis is a very beautiful ornamental plant with saturated green leaves of dark and light shades. The color of the leaves depends entirely on the lighting and on the ground in the flowerpot.
How to care for indoor fern? The main thing is not to fill and overfeed the plant. In addition, there are some more features: you need to know what the fern likes and why it starts to hurt and dry out. Basically, there are no difficulties, you just need to follow the rules outlined in this article. As a result, you get a beautiful plant with luxurious green leaves.
Indoor flowers. Ferns: care and atmosphere
Ferns are considered unpretentious plants, but there are still some conditions without which they will not please the eyes with their green beauty. Take, for example, their forest counterparts: under natural conditions, ferns feel great without regular watering, without spraying and without fertilizers applied at the right time and at the right time. At the same time, their family relatives, even with all the rules, with timely transplantation and circumcision, can wither away right before our eyes. What is the cause of the death of the plant?
To prevent the fern from drying out, home care must comply with all the rules. In addition, the grower must take into account the fact that the fern is an accurate indicator of the atmosphere in a house or apartment. If the air in the room is too dry, gassed or smoky, the green handsome will begin to hurt. Thus, you will have an excellent adviser in the form of a fern: by its appearance you can determine that the atmosphere in the house does not meet the standards and you need to look for the reason for this. There may be a gas leak - call the gas specialists and make sure that everything is in order. There may be a lack of fresh air in the kitchen - install a range hood. Maybe the air is too dry, very low humidity - buy a humidifier. As a result, you will ensure both a normal existence and plants.
What place to put?
In order for the indoor fern to grow and develop normally, home care must be correct. Хорошенько подумайте, в каком месте поселить растение. Нефролепис может переносить тень, но свет ему тоже необходим, правда не прямой, а слегка рассеянный и не в больших количествах. Поэтому ставить его лучше в угол напротив окна. При этом ему нужно обеспечить доступ свежего воздуха.
It is necessary to take into account another feature of plant growth. Nephrolepis grows quite large, its beautiful leaves grow both sideways and upward. Based on this, there is definitely not enough space on the windowsill. The leaves will abut the window glass and deform, the shape of the plant will be ugly.
Soil for ferns
To find out what soil is needed for indoor fern, just remember what soil is in the forest. The land there is very loose, with rotted leaves or needles, with the remains of peat. This is the basis that is needed for nephrolepis, then it will feel comfortable at home.
When filling a flower pot, remember that the soil mixture for ferns should be acidic, with the addition of forest leaf earth. Add sand and humus there, make sure that the soil freely passes water, is loose. If water stagnates in the flowerpot, then the roots of the fern will immediately begin to rot, the plant will become sick. Signs of this are brownish spots on the leaves. Sometimes it is very difficult to understand what is the reason that the indoor fern is withering. The leaves dry and become covered with brown spots even when the soil dries up. You just need to do everything according to the norms, water the plant on time, but do not overdo it.
How to transplant?
Potted fern should be transplanted every year. As mentioned earlier, nephrolepis is a large plant, so after a year it becomes crowded in its pot.
How to transplant indoor fern, so as not to injure the roots? The answer is simple: transfer it to a new pot, so the roots will not be damaged. Transplantation is recommended in early spring, at a time when the growing season is just beginning. If you do not heed this advice and transplant the plant in autumn, then it will take root for a long time and poorly, it may even die.
A new flowerpot should be three centimeters in diameter larger than the one used previously. Do not forget that the plant adds to growth, and he needs a bigger home. Then, very carefully, so as not to shake the ground from the roots, transfer the plant to the prepared pot, after which you can add the earth mixture prepared in advance according to all the rules. As you can see, there are no difficulties in this matter, you just need to do everything carefully and not rush.
Ferns multiply by dividing the bush. You can, of course, try to grow nephrolepis from seeds (spores), but this is practically impossible. It is much easier and more efficient to divide the bush, it is recommended to do this during the spring transplant, so as not to disturb the plant again.
The division process itself is quite simple. Extending the bush from a flower pot, examine the base. You will see there small small rosette sockets. Here they must be carefully separated from the parent bush along with part of the rhizome. Small "young" ferns after separation from the bush, it is necessary to create greenhouse conditions so that they can sustain the gap.
Once again, I would like to recall what can be expected if it is wrong to water the indoor fern: the leaves dry, the plant becomes covered with brown spots and eventually dies.
The main principle of watering ferns is moderation! The soil in the flower pot should not dry out, make sure that it is always slightly moist, while not swamping. It is recommended to water the plant 3 times a week, but this is not a criterion at all, the timing of watering depends on the air temperature and the place where the flower stands. Water the nephrolepis only with standing, preferably rain water, it should be soft.
Having found out that the fern can die without fresh air, measures must be taken to prevent such a sad ending. To do this, regularly spray bushes of indoor ferns. Such a procedure should be carried out often, with an eye to what atmosphere reigns in the room. If the air is too dry, then nephrolepis should be sprayed every day, if the atmosphere is normal, then it is recommended to do this two to three times within seven days.
Fertilizers for the green handsome
If when planting a fern, the soil was prepared according to all the rules with all the necessary additives, then often the plant does not need to be fed. It will be enough to feed twice a month, so that it continues to please the rich and bright green color of its leaves.
For this purpose, a solution of mineral fertilizers of a weak consistency is used. In addition, organic fertilizers, such as mullein infusion, are suitable. Only using organic matter can you overdo it and overfeed the fern, this should not be allowed. The easiest way is to purchase ready-made mineral potash fertilizers, which are sold in every flower shop. On the package there is an instruction. In accordance with it, fertilize the fern in spring and summer. As a result, thanks to the efforts of a caring grower, nephrolepis will delight the beauty of green leafy leaves!
Fern is very popular among flower growers - a beautiful plant with airy leaves often adorns our window sills and even front gardens. And although it will not be possible to see the fern flower, a plant planted in a decorative flower pot is able to transform the room. So let's talk about how to care for a fern.
This culture prefers rooms with high humidity. There are two ways to achieve such conditions: plant the plant in a special pot with a double bottom or install a humidifier in the room. It is quite possible to build a double pot on your own, for which you will need another container slightly larger than the one in which the bush is planted.
A large pot is filled with well-moistened moss, set inside a pot with a planted plant, cover the top and edges of the pot with the same wet moss. The latter should be regularly moistened every few days.
If you prefer the option with a humidifier, it is better to install it near the plant. And you can just spray the fern from the spray gun, but not more often than once every few days.
Given the tropical origin of ferns, they prefer a rather high air temperature. Of course, we will not succeed in creating a real tropical climate, but it is necessary to maintain the temperature at +21 ° C. With a prolonged decrease in temperature, the culture feels bad.
An excellent accommodation option for culture will be the bathroom (provided that it has a natural light source). Here, fern is suitable for both temperature and humidity.
Caring for a house fern, although it does not differ in laboriousness, but requires compliance with several rules:
- grow a plant at home should be in places where it will not be threatened by drafts and sudden changes in temperature,
- remember that the fern is extremely sensitive to air pollution: if the balcony of your house goes out into the street with heavy traffic, and you like to keep windows open, your plant will most likely not like it.
Watering and feeding
Proper care of a healthy domestic fern involves abundant and frequent watering. Water it as soon as the top layer of the substrate dries out a little. The frequency of watering directly depends on the air temperature in the room: the hotter the room, the more moisture the crop will need.
Even a few days of drought can be fatal to a fern. Being in dry land for a long time, the plant may not recover even after watering. Excessive moisture is also unacceptable for the roots: with excess moisture, they begin to hurt, which negatively affects the general condition of the pot.
It is important not to forget to fertilize the plant, especially during the period of its intensive growth: if the fern does not receive fertilizers in sufficient quantities, its foliage will first lose its color intensity and then completely dry.
You need to feed the culture weekly using liquid complex formulations. The exception is the dormant period - the interval between the end of October and mid-February, during this time, feeding should be stopped.
If the leaves began to dry or turn yellow, do not expect them to regain their former strength. All damaged aerial parts of the fern should be cut off immediately.
Disease and Pest Prevention
The plant is prone to damage by aphids or scale insects if the air in the room is too dry. To prevent this, it is necessary to properly care for it: do not forget to regularly spray the fern.
Sometimes the bushes can be affected by the nematode due to watering with cold water. Yellowing and drying out of the foliage will testify to the problem. To combat the pest, immediately treat the bush with an insecticide and transplant it into fresh soil.
Ferns are among the oldest representatives of the plant world, they survived dinosaurs, witnessed the evolution of man, and today they are successfully growing not only in nature but also indoors. Attention to the plant by gardeners is explained by the beauty of figuratively cut leaves and the fact that caring for a house fern at home is completely uncomplicated.
Across the planet today, there are about 10 thousand species of ferns, but in the collections of lovers of indoor plants, of course, there are fewer varieties. The most unpretentious and at the same time decorative plants fall on the windowsills. Among them, davallia, asplenium, pteris, nephrolepis and other species from around the world.
The structure of ferns
Occupying an intermediate position between mosses, algae and gymnosperms, ferns retained the features of the oldest representatives of the flora and at the same time successfully adapted to life in conditions that changed over millions of years.
This feature becomes apparent when considering the structure of fern. Leaves, or more correctly, vayas make up the aerial part of plants and, as a rule, stand out in a curly, cirrus, or repeatedly dissected form. Young, not yet opened leaf plates of ferns are tightly coiled.
As they grow, they unwind, become darker and denser. Under the soil layer are the rhizomes of ferns.
How to care for fern at home?
When caring for indoor ferns at home, they try to create a microclimate that is as similar to natural as possible. This fully applies to:
- air temperature at different times of the year,
- environmental humidity
- frequency and volume of irrigation,
Most indoor ferns grown indoors, as in the photo, come from the tropics or subtropical regions of the planet. But there are indigenous inhabitants of temperate zones. To adapt to the needs of plants, all ferns are protected from drafts and sudden changes in temperature, and are also protected from the scorching sun.
Depending on the cultivated species, they try to maintain an acceptable temperature. In the summer, plants withstand warming up to 28-30 ° C, but subject to other conditions of care and increased attention from the owner.
How to care for a fern, if this maximum is exceeded? The plant will need not only the usual protection from direct sunlight, but also frequent irrigation on especially hot days. It will help to fill the entire free volume of the pot with wet sphagnum or to place the flower in a moist florarium. A useful solution would be to relocate the fern for the entire warm period under the open sky.
But with the onset of autumn, even before the first frosts, the grower will have to find a cool place for the green pet under the roof. Some species are content with a content at ordinary room temperature of at least 17 ° C. But there are those who are more comfortable at 14–16 ° C. The minimum permissible temperature of the content is +10 ° C, if the air is colder, this threatens overcooling of the rhizomes, which is especially dangerous in wet soil.
At home, caring for a room fern will be greatly simplified if you put the pot on an east or west window. Here, plants are not threatened by sunburn, and the incoming light is sufficient for active growth and maintaining decorativeness.
Do not forget that all members of the family react negatively to air pollution, smoke, car exhausts. Therefore, not the best place for a flower is a smoker's room or a balcony overlooking a noisy street with heavy traffic.
The frequency and intensity of irrigation varies with the season. When the indoor fern, as in the photo, is actively growing, it is watered more often, a decrease in growth rate signals the need to less often moisten the soil.
Excessive and scarce watering is harmful to ferns. The first case threatens compaction and acidification of the soil, a decrease in the intensity of respiration and plant nutrition. Although the roots do not die, the flower quickly goes into an oppressed weakened state.
Dry substrate leads to death of leaves. You should not expect that the vaiyi that have lost turgor and bright color will come to life after the resumption of watering. Even with the resumption of proper care, they die off, which negatively affects the appearance of the flower.
How at home to care for a fern that has lost the entire aerial part? You can reanimate a plant affected by drought, knowing the subtleties of the fern development cycle. Both dead and still remaining green vayas are removed from the plant, after which the pot is transferred to a well-lit window sill. With regular, but not too plentiful watering, the fern can quickly recover. A sign of awakening will be the tight green spirals of the new foliage that appeared above the substrate.
Effectively help plants maintain complex nutrition with the inclusion of organics and minerals. They are regularly carried out from mid-spring until autumn.
Potted Fern Transplant
The best time to transplant indoor fern is spring. Depending on the type of home plant, the procedure may have its own characteristics.
Since among ferns there are not only terrestrial plants, but also epiphytes, it will be necessary to prepare in advance for this stage of caring for indoor fern at home. To do this, select:
- a suitable pot, basket, or piece of wood for epiphytic species,
- satisfying the needs of the culture, a loose, necessarily light substrate.
Although stores offer ready-made mixes, for most home-grown plants, it is best to further inquire about your pet's needs. For example, for epiphytes, it is preferable to add large fragments of fallen wood, steamed bark, moss to the soil, and people from the tropics require the inclusion of more nutrient components in the soil.
The intricacies of fern care at home - video
It is not very difficult to care for a house fern at home, so many plant lovers choose this instance among many. Of the many species of ferns, nephrolepis is the most popular. It has a beautiful and magnificent crown that can revive even the most boring interior.
Indoor fern: nuances of growing
Florists love fern for its beauty and unpretentiousness. However, there are still growing characteristics, and to make the plant look attractive, they should be observed.
The main feature of nephrolepis is its ability to detect dirty air, in which it immediately begins to wither.
Unsuitable conditions for him is to be in a stuffy, smoky or dusty room. “Do not like” fern low humidity.
The flower can stoically tolerate the lack of regular watering, high or low temperatures. But if the air is not clean enough, its leaves will quickly turn yellow and dry.
It’s easy to take care of an indoor fern. Like any other home plant, it requires a certain soil, a suitable location in the apartment, watering and spraying. Not without periodic fertilizer. In addition, you should know the features of a flower transplant, since you need to do this every year because of its rapid growth.
The plant prefers loose soil with a large number of leaves and humus. Sometimes peat or needles may be present in it. Earth must be very loose, airy. Through it, water will easily flow to the roots.
The roots of the plant can rot from overflow, so the pot needs good drainage.
Ready soil can be purchased at the store or prepared on your own, if there are sufficient skills for this.
For cooking, you need to take in equal proportions:
- turf land
- sheet earth.
You should also add a little humus and sand. This recipe is the most suitable, forming the very soil conditions that are required by indoor fern.
For the content of nephrolepis, a clay pot will be most suitable. Он имеет свойство собирать из почвы излишнюю влагу, а потом отдавать ее по мере необходимости. Этот нюанс помогает контролировать влажность земли.
Однако глина имеет свойство покрываться грибком, который вывести впоследствии очень непросто.
Пластиковая тара тоже подходит. It should be remembered that this material does not pass air and does not have good stability. So that the plant feels great and does not fall from the surface, it is necessary to choose a stable and large pot. Its diameter in diameter should be 2 times smaller than the size of the crown of the flower.
Lighting and temperature
The leaves of nephrolepis are large and green, so their need for a large amount of diffused sunlight is quite logical. The plant can tolerate the shadow, but it will not look so spectacular.
Direct rays of the sun will scorch the leaves, leaving brown spots on them. Therefore, it is better to place the fern near the window, but not on the windowsill.
The optimum temperature for the content is 15-22 degrees. The room may be warmer, especially during the heating season, so during such a period it is recommended to moisten the leaves more often by spraying. The minimum temperature at which the indoor fern survives is 5 degrees.
Fertilizer and fertilizer
Fertilizing indoor fern is recommended in spring and summer. This can be done using any ready-made solutions for feeding. They must be bred according to the instructions on the packaging. Then add the same amount of pure water to the resulting solution. This feeding option is most suitable for nephrolepis.
To transplant indoor fern, you will need:
- Gently holding the flower by the base, pull it out of the container along with an earthen lump.
- Shake off part of the old soil from the rhizome. If there are rotting roots, they must be removed.
- Place the plant in a new container, cover the surface with fresh soil.
It is best to transplant in the spring. If this is done at another time of the year, the indoor fern will take root for a long time and look not the best way.
Plant diseases and pests
Fern can be sick, like any other house plant. Most of the troubles are associated with improper care, as well as insufficient attention of the hostess at the stage of acquiring and replanting a flower.
To reduce the incidence of nephrolepis, you must:
- Refuse self-preparation of the soil. Shop soil is thoroughly sterilized and free of pests.
- Quarantine newly acquired plants.
- Do not leave the flower in the drafts, in direct sunlight, near the battery.
- Monitor soil moisture, do not overfill the soil.
If you follow the recommendations for the prevention of diseases of indoor fern, they can be successfully