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Voice Issues: Voice Ecology


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So why is the timbre of the voice changing? At a certain age, the vocal apparatus begins to grow actively, and as a result, the larynx increases in size, and the thyroid cartilage descends to the front wall. In this case, the vocal cords are lengthened and changes in the voice-forming organs occur.

How the voice breaks

A change in timbre occurs due to an increase in the larynx, while in girls, the vocal organs increase, as a rule, by half, and in boys - by 70%, which is why their mutation is more pronounced, and it is at this time that you need to take care and engage vocals less often, and start, for example, to take drum lessons.

The breaking itself takes place in three steps:

  • Premutation, during which the body prepares for the restructuring of the voice. During the conversation, hoarseness, coughing and constant tickling in the throat may appear, and during singing the voice may break, during the vocal lesson unpleasant sensations, less clear sound and even loss of voice appear. As soon as the first notes of the mutation of the voice appear, it is necessary to interrupt the singing and give the vocal apparatus a rest. At the same time, you should not give up music, you can just start taking lessons on any musical instrument.
  • Mutational, accompanied by swelling of the larynx and secretion of mucus. Inflammation occurs, ligaments swell and become red or cyanotic. At this time, due to overstrain, the voice may hoarse and ligament instability may develop, so you need to take care of yourself, avoid colds and minimize complex vocal lessons by replacing them with singing exercises. By the way, playing drums or guitar is a great way to develop a sense of rhythm during a mutation period and increase the level of musical education.
  • Postmutation, at the end of which the changes in the strength and timbre of the voice are fixed, but there may remain a feeling of tension and overwork of the ligaments, and some period must be treated carefully.

    “School of Rock” will help to cope with problems during the breaking of the voice and teach everyone to play musical instruments.


    For the very first birthday, each of us was presented with a wonderful multifunctional tool. This instrument is a voice. He is perfection itself, he can charm and dominate, convince and seduce, ask and order. Tenderness, anger, passion, doubt, reproach, care, admiration - any feelings, any emotions can be expressed with just one voice.

    The 21st century is called the information age. But, according to the opinion of the famous psychologist Francois Suget, the human psyche extracts forty percent of the information from the sound of the voice (and only seven percent from the meaning of the words the voice pronounces).

    And what is wonderful: each voice is absolutely unique and beautiful, how unique and beautiful the soul is. The voice is a continuation and reflection of the human soul, and that is why, only after hearing the voice of a person (with whom we talked, say, via the Internet), we draw conclusions as to whether we want to continue communication.

    But how insulting it is when the voice of the one we wanted to hear so deceives our expectations! And it’s even more offensive when you bring your own voice, the very tool that, by definition, should be your faithful, reliable friend and helper.

    • you want to be convincing - but "meow" like a kitten,
    • you want to give your voice tenderness and melodiousness, and it grinds like an unlubricated cart,
    • you want to scream at the top of your voice, and not even your nearest neighbor can hear you,
    • the voice gets tired and “stops”, pinches, stalls at the most inopportune moment.

    Why is our own voice "cheating" on us? Yes, because from the moment we started using this tool, it never occurred to us to take care of it.

    • A lot of “rubbish” stuck on him, as a result of which he lost flexibility.
    • We “played on three keys” instead of a hundred, and the remaining ninety-seven - rusted, lost functionality, which led to the uniformity of our speech, the monotony of intonations, and the poverty of emotional expressiveness.
    • We used our voice for other purposes: we clamped and broke it, without understanding it ourselves, saying “not with our own voice”.
    • We fed him with inappropriate food, did not give rest, but demanded obedience and efficiency from him

    The voice, no less than our entire body, needs to be restored, “detoxified,” to be cleansed of “toxins,” literally and figuratively. Even if you now like how your voice sounds, in order for it to continue to please you further, it is worth taking care of the ECOLOGY OF THE VOICE.

    Menu for voice.

    In order for the voice to sound at full strength, your body must receive in the required quantity, first of all, such substances as calcium, easily digestible protein (for example, turkey meat), vitamins - everything, but especially the voice loves ascorbic acid and routine.

    If you, as the heroine of the film "Jolly Fellows", swallow raw eggs or "nogogol-mogul", the voice may be activated for a while, but not too long. In addition, you seriously risk "planting" the liver.

    It is better to drink fresh juice before apple voice - apple, orange, carrot juice (if you never drink juices, check your reaction to them in advance).

    A wonderful product is a strong meat and bone or chicken broth, a warm broth is good to drink with a hoarse voice.

    Is it possible / good for voice coffee? chocolate? nuts and seeds? Nuts and seeds before a serious voice load I do not recommend to anyone. Chocolate and coffee - individually. They can tone the ligaments, and can cause dryness and irritation.
    Those who are fond of coffee, you need to know that, consumed in large quantities, it removes calcium from the body, which is so necessary for the voice. In addition, caffeine has a drying effect, which is also not always good for ligaments.

    Alcohol and nicotine act on the voice in the same way as on the whole body: quick stimulation - then loss of tone. Nicotine makes the ligaments inelastic, alcohol weakens and overdries.
    There are people who “take nothing” - they drink, smoke, shout, sing, live up to 100 years. But in the current environmental situation, there are fewer and fewer such miraculous heroes. And do not forget that the vocal cords are directly in the path of tobacco smoke and very close to the esophagus.

    The voice must not only “eat”, but also “drink”.

    Maintain humidity in your home with humidifiers or simple atomizers, not only your voice, but also your skin will say “thank you”.
    If you want moisture to get on your ligaments, use steam inhalers. Inhalers are also good for treatment, voice restoration, steam inhalers - with brewed herbs, for example, sage, oil - with essential oils of medicinal plants. But in case of voice diseases, you need to get a doctor’s recommendation, which herbs can be used in your case.

    Take care of sufficient fluid in the body. We often do not notice that we do not have enough water, we may not want to drink, but the lack of liquid will affect both the voice and the general condition. Try to drink about three liters of fluid daily (of course, during the day, and not in one gulp).

    If you are hoarse as a result of a cold, consult a doctor!

    But if you don’t have the opportunity to go to the phonator, a specialist in voice diseases, keep in mind that antihistamines, although they relieve swelling, can “dry out” the throat (put peach or apricot oil in your nose at night).

    Try to cough less, take expectorants. If you are prescribed rinses, in no case do not use alcohol tinctures, brew herbs.

    If the voice "sat down" from overload.

    Do not “be treated” with alcohol: after quick stimulation and a short “resurrection” of your voice, it will “sit down” permanently and for a long time. If you do not have the opportunity to see a doctor - a phonitor, - master Strelnikova’s gymnastics: you will not only restore your voice, but also improve the general condition of the body. Among my students there are those who, thanks to this gymnastics, quit smoking, got rid of extra pounds, said goodbye to autumn colds and bronchitis, normalized blood pressure!

    In case of chronic fatigue, decreased muscle tone (including the vocal muscles), the doctor may prescribe tonic agents, for example, eleutheracoca extract. But it is better to brew dry grass than drink alcohol tincture.

    Traditional medicine as a medicine for hoarseness recommends (at night) such "cocktails":

    - a glass of warm beer, in which 2-3 tablespoons of milk or 1 tablespoon of honey is added.

    - pour half a glass of cold milk into half a glass of boiling mineral water (from a glass bottle). Drink slowly morning and evening.

    Avoid spicy and hot (cold) food and drink, nothing extreme!

    An exception may be raw ginger (you can suck by putting a small piece on the tongue) or in the form of tea. (Check for individual intolerance!).

    A warm drink with cocoa butter helps a lot.

    For a tired voice, a superficial throat massage with a warm shower (at night) is useful (if there are no contraindications!) Massage the area of ​​the larynx for 2-3 minutes in the direction from the chin to the chest.

    Before voice load

    If you know that you have an important conversation or performance, get a good night's sleep, eat, do breathing and articulating gymnastics. Laugh, yaw deeply, sigh to a groan: it stimulates your ligaments and releases your speech and respiratory muscles.

    Do not take a hot bath before the performance, and do not sing in the bathroom: even if your voice sounds better than usual at this moment, you put excessive pressure on the blood vessels, and because of this microtrauma of the vocal cords is possible. Some professional speakers and singers on the day of the concert do not even allow themselves a hot shower.

    The larynx is a hormone-dependent organ, therefore, “breaking” the voice during puberty is possible not only in boys, but also in girls. At this time, voice load should be minimal.

    In women, voice disorders can occur several days before or directly during menstruation, while the voice becomes dull, dull. But even if the voice sounds even better than usual, women in this period should, if possible, reduce the load on the voice: blood vessels during this period become more fragile.

    Changes in the voice can occur with the use of hormonal drugs, including contraceptives. In this case, if your voice is dear to you, if possible, replace hormones with other means: after a few months from the start of hormone intake, these changes may become irreversible. Voice disorders can be associated with impaired thyroid or adrenal gland function. Take care of yourself - consult a specialist!

    What does the process look like?

    The larynx, vocal folds, lungs, chest and nasopharynx participate in the birth of sound.

    The beginning of the air wave comes from the lungs, reaches the ligaments and makes them oscillate. As for the chest and nasopharynx, they act as resonators. The pitch depends on the thickness of the vocal cords - the thinner they are, as in girls, the higher the voice, and vice versa - the thicker the cords, as in boys, the lower.

    Nature made sure that parents always heard their child. Therefore, from birth, each person has small and thin ligaments.

    As they grow, they increase in size and thicken, respectively, the sound changes its tone.

    But during puberty, the rate and degree of growth has gender differences. Female larynx changes twice, while male larynx by 70%.

    That is why adolescents have such significant differences in timbre, both by gender and between each other. But it’s worth mentioning right away that such a process is completely individual, which is why some boys have had bass for 12 years, while others and 15 still communicate with tenor.

    Breaking the voice in boys and girls follows one scenario. The only thing is that the result will be different for them.

    There are three main stages of mutation.

    1. Pre-mutation period. At this time, the body is preparing for future changes, and at this stage all systems are involved.

    Breaking the voice in boys can manifest itself in the following symptoms:

    • the sound becomes more hoarse
    • hoarseness, perspiration, accompanied by a mild cough, are noted.

    But it is worth noting that if a boy or girl is engaged in singing, then such symptoms can manifest themselves in a slightly different way, because the singers have more trained ligaments. Firstly, high notes will not come as easily as before. Secondly, the child may begin to complain of pain in the larynx during singing.

    The vocal teachers themselves will begin to make comments about the “dirt” in the sound. Although in a "calm" state, such signs may not be observed. The vocal cords need rest at this time, since the process of adjustment and the simultaneous load on them can lead to the fact that a person simply loses “his sound”.

    1. Breaking voice. At this time, the larynx begins to flow, and mucus secretion may be observed. Such moments provoke the onset of the development of inflammatory processes.

    Therefore, if you look into the mouth of a teenager, you can see that the surface of the vocal cords has acquired a red color. It is this condition that requires rest, since an increased load can lead to an underdevelopment of the organ.

    In such a period, it is worthwhile to take special care to keep yourself from colds and viral diseases, otherwise, after the teenage period has passed, there is a risk that the boys will retain the tenor sound.

    At the same time, the voice becomes unstable, the sound may be distorted, and severe hoarseness may appear.

    1. Postmomentation period. This is an individual process. Here many factors play a role, starting from nationality, and ending with personal physiological, and sometimes genetic, characteristics. In boys and girls, it can occur in different ways, and take a different amount of time. Usually, at the end of the formation of “own sound”, the child begins to complain about the rapid fatigue of the vocal cords. But now it will become more noticeable that the voice has no differences anymore, it becomes more stable.

    At the end of all these stages, breaking the voice in girls and boys appears the final timbre and strength.

    The teenage period is characterized by rapid activation of hormonal processes. It is these substances that are responsible for external and internal changes in the human body - boys begin to actively grow hair throughout the body, develop puberty, there is a pollution, a sharp increase in the skeleton and muscle mass. As for girls, their breasts begin to grow, their body shape changes, menstruation begins.

    The vocal cords are also very hormone dependent. If in adolescence they lack their components, they will not be able to acquire “adult” sizes - to become more elongated and dense. Accordingly, the voice will not break, which means that it will remain high enough for the young man.

    By the way, in girls it is always higher, since the sex hormones in them are produced not in such quantities as in boys, moreover, they are completely different. It is interesting to note the moment that by age, the male voice becomes higher, and the female lower. And all these points are due to the fact that the hormonal background does not receive its components.

    Breaking the voice is associated not only with physiological, but also with psychological discomfort. Moreover, both boys and girls. But female ligaments grow a little slower, so when the moment of puberty comes, they are still short in comparison with male ones. Therefore, the mutation is not so obvious.

    A sharp difference in timbre in a girl can be associated with a malfunction of hormones. But in this case, parents are obliged to show their daughter to the endocrinologist, because this can indicate serious endocrine diseases. If the girl does not have obvious symptoms of breaking the voice, then the mutation process goes on naturally and you should not worry about anything.

    Most teenagers do not even notice how their voice breaks. This is due to the fact that such a process simply does not cause them any discomfort.

    Different children of the same age may have different voices tonality, as their larynx will be at a different stage of development. But no matter what condition the child is in, parents should know what actions are permissible during this period, and why it is worth to refrain.

    So, the recommendations are as follows:

    1. moderate load. Here, more advice applies to parents of boys than girls. Excessive load on the vocal cords provokes the formation of nodules, which subsequently lead to hoarseness. Such a defect can pass by itself, but in some cases, surgery can not be dispensed with,
    2. в период мутации стоит беречь ребенка от простуд. Это может затянуть ломку голоса. Если юноша долгое время продолжает иметь высокие тона, то родителям рекомендуется показать его такому специалисту, как фониатр,
    3. родители должны объяснить ребенку, что «собственный звук» уникален, и он будет таким, как заложено природой. Very often, little boys try to imitate one or another hero. Such fanaticism can lead to the fact that the young man will overload his ligaments and they will simply “break loose”.

    Nature itself lays a certain tonality of voice, and no one can change it. Therefore, it is worth perceiving your timbre as a given and does not oppose it. And it’s impossible to speed up the breaking of the voice, because this process is natural and it is impossible to influence it.

    It remains only to be patient, adhere to the recommendations, so that this process goes faster, and if possible without complications.

    Why does a boy’s voice sound so strange during a mutation?

    Before the boy reaches adulthood, his larynx is very small, and his vocal cords are thin and small. This is why the boy’s voice is higher than that of an adult man. But with maturation, the larynx increases, and the ligaments become longer and stronger, respectively, and the boy’s voice becomes deeper.

    In addition, the facial bones grow: the sizes of the sinuses, nose and back of the throat become larger. A larger space gives the voice more opportunities to resonate.

    As growth and changes in the body, the boy’s voice will begin to mutate, “break 9raquo ,. This lasts only a few months, and until the larynx reaches the desired size, your son will creak and wheeze.

    When boys break their voices

    Everyone has their own pace of development, so the breaking of the voice in boys occurs at different ages. This usually occurs between 11 years and 14.5 years, often after a large jump in growth. In some, the mutation (breaking) of the voice lasts a long time and gradually, while in others - very quickly.

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    How does breaking voice

    The breaking of the voice is caused by the growth of the larynx. In this case, the vocal cords are lengthened and thickened, because of which the voice becomes lower. The vocal cords grow under the influence of hormones. In fact, the voice does not break, but simply changes. The tone of the voice is reduced by 5-6 tones. The so-called Adam's apple, the male Adam's apple, is developing.

    Breaking the voice lasts several months

    This time is necessary to stabilize the voice. The teenager is very vulnerable, because he is worried about his voice. The boy needs to explain that this is a normal process, and all that he experiences is the path to becoming a man. Shrill notes may appear in the voice, the tone is constantly changing. During the breaking of the voice, the boys cannot sing at all. They can try, but it will not work. You need to be prepared for the fact that breaking a voice can take six months.

    During breaking the voice, you need to protect the ligaments

    If the boy screams loudly, trying to forcibly rearrange his voice, then he injures the ligaments. Most boys are noisy in nature, it is impossible for them not to scream during games and communication. A loud scream often shifts to a squeal, the vocal cords are overexerted. Nodules appear on the damaged ligaments, due to which the voice becomes hoarse, hoarse. Fortunately, they resolve, and the vocal cords return to normal. Severe nervous shocks can cause voice loss. If suddenly there was such a nuisance, take the boy to a speech therapist or phoniatrist.

    Red throat during voice change

    Growing ligaments require a lot of blood, so the larynx turns red. If there are no other signs of a cold, then you do not even need to start treating it. After all, medicines can slow down the process of breaking the voice.

    It is impossible to predict what the voice will become after breaking

    Therefore, do not plan for a child a career as a singer. After all, very often after breaking, the musical voice disappears. Be prepared for the voice of a teenager to be completely normal. Talk with your child to be ready for change.

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