"Straighten up! Don't slouch!" - this scream haunted me all my childhood. And now I myself have to constantly repeat to my son: "Stop hunching! Keep your back straight!"
The time has long passed when girls at a very young age were dressed up in a corset, which, although it led to many diseases of internal organs, but for the rest of my life gave me regal posture, and boys from childhood were prepared for a military career and from the age of five they were put in the saddle, where if you want, if you don’t, you will keep your back straight. Today, only athletes, ballerinas and professional military men can boast of perfect posture. That is, people forced to perform physical exercises constantly. This is where we start. Scoliosis in one form or another is susceptible to all. Humanity must come to terms with this, and each individual must understand that only he himself can live with this disease and reduce his own suffering through a correct lifestyle. Do not believe those who promise to save you from scoliosis in a couple of months. Perhaps a certain effect of the treatment will be, but how long will it last? It depends on whether you yourself will constantly perform certain physical exercises, that is, train your natural "corset" of the muscles that support the spine.
First of all, scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the spine, and it refers to such anatomical disorders as stoop, spondylosis, and chest deformity. Scoliosis is dangerous because, by bending the spine, it contributes to the displacement or compression of the internal organs. The consequences of scoliosis can be headaches, frequent sore throats, impaired vision and hearing, hypertension, neuralgia, epilepsy, cardiac colic, pain in the shoulder blades, back, lower back, joints, in children - enuresis, stuttering, fecal incontinence, fear, neurosis.
The disease begins to appear at the age of 6-7, when growth acceleration begins and the load on the spine increases sharply due to constant studies at school. In addition, “caring” parents, instead of sending the child to stretch out on the street, seat their child prodigy for an English textbook, for a piano, or, even better, for a computer. The teenager receives the second impetus for the development of scoliosis at the age of 12-13 - at the age of intensive growth. The apparent curvature of the spine is aggravated with the growth of the body, the degree of deformation increases, accompanied by a pronounced rotation of the torso (the spine, as it were, twists around its axis).
“We call such deviations in children's health,” Professor Yu.I. Pozdnikin, “scoliotic posture. True scoliosis will never disappear, and no treatment can completely relieve a person of scoliosis.”
The structure of the human body, as you know, is symmetrical. But this is ideal. So the Creator conceived us, but it turned out what happened. Therefore, we are born imperfect creatures, in which one leg, as a rule, is shorter than the other. A little bit, almost imperceptibly, but still. This is all the trouble: the center of gravity is displaced, which in turn leads to curvature of the spine — and so on (see above). You could be convinced of this from your own experience, when in physical education lessons when jumping high, someone stood to the left of the bar, and someone stood to the right, depending on the “push leg”. Some orthopedists claim that it’s easy to help our trouble - just put the insole thicker in the boot of the “push leg” than in the opposite. And no problem! It’s just to find out which foot you actually have shorter, only a specialist can do, so amateur performance is not appropriate here.
There are other causes of scoliosis, which manifested itself in childhood. This rickets, malnutrition, as a result of malnutrition, obesity, frequent and prolonged infectious diseases, flat feet. The reasons may be external - for example, if the desk is too tall or short and does not correspond to the height of the child, if he constantly wears heaviness in one hand or likes to lean on the same leg, if he sleeps on too soft a bed and a high pillow and etc.
- Methods for the prevention of scoliosis are associated primarily with a healthy lifestyle - exercise therapy, sports (primarily swimming, which puts stress on all muscle groups), proper nutrition, rich in proteins, calcium and vitamins.
- Constantly monitor yourself and your child: when you sit, walk, work, make sure that your posture is correct.
- If your child has flat feet, do not delay the visit to the doctor. Special exercises will help correct the situation. In addition, orthopedic shoes and corrective insoles must be used. Shoes provide the correct setting and fixation of the foot, and the orthopedic insole acts as a shock absorber, absorbing excessive loads when walking.
- Until six months, do not sit the baby even in pillows. He will do it himself when his muscles and spine are strong enough. Do not hold the child for a long time in your arms and do not often wear “kangaroo” backpacks - this also contributes to the curvature of the spine.
How can this disease be detected? Put the person being checked with your back (undressing him to the waist). Heels together, hands down at the seams. Let him look at the level of his head in front of him. He should stand, relaxed, as he is comfortable (he does not need to be corrected). Pay attention to the ears. If one ear is lower than the other, it is scoliosis of the cervical spine.
Signs of Scoliosis
- One shoulder is higher than the other, one shoulder blade is higher than the other (or some of them has a large bulge).
- The gaps between the arms and hips are different or one of the arms lies on the thigh.
- Stooping or chest deformity.
You can check the spine vertically by tying a load to the thread. The first point should be the tailbone, the second - the back of the head. If the straight line does not coincide with the outlines of the spine - this is scoliosis.
Lay the test person on the mat with their backs down. Hands at the seams. Pay attention to the ribs of the lower thoracic region. If one side of the ribs is enlarged, it is spiral scoliosis. With it can be associated displacement, distension and compression of the internal organs.
Reasons for Bias
The vertebral column consists of vertebrae and joints, the spinal cord is located inside.
The spine is surrounded by muscles that provide the back with motor function. When the disks of the spine are displaced, the normal functioning of the musculo-ligamentous apparatus and the blood supply to the brain are disturbed. Most often, the pathology develops in the lower back. There are such factors contributing to the development of spondylolisthesis:
- congenital pathologies of the musculoskeletal system,
- old age
- excessive exercise
- other back diseases: osteochondrosis, inflammation and trauma.
How is it manifested?
Symptoms are correlated with the degree of development of spondylolisthesis, which is shown in the table: