Cynic - This is a person who openly neglects public moral standards in their own behavior. The meaning of the word cynic comes from the Latin "cynicus", meaning - "cynic". Cynics represented a philosophical trend, according to which they sought to free themselves from external conventions, the virtue was neglect of conventions, which meant detachment from the state, society, family, and religious principles. Illiteracy and bad manners were understood as a blessing.
Cynicism is expressed in consciously demonstrative ignoring of ethical values, expresses internal rebellion. Such a pronounced rebellion can provoke a rebellious position or a life disappointment in the functioning of social mechanisms. Often cynicism manifests itself when the individual has nothing to lose, from despair or he feels impunity.
What does a cynic mean? The meaning of the word cynic is more often associated with tactlessness, permissiveness, rudeness, or even vandalism. Observing such external manifestations, it seems as though sympathy, modesty, kindness, and pity are not peculiar to cynical personalities. However, often it is sensitivity that they try to disguise as cynicism, considering it a weakness.
Who is a cynic
Cynicism is a personal quality, respectively, a cynic is a person who is inherent in cynicism. A true cynic can truly be called only an adult, psychologically formed person who has already experienced a lot, so his principles are special.
What does a cynic mean or who is a cynic in simple words? This is a person who denies all shame, in his consideration - everything is bought, there is nothing that can truly be valued, everything that is lost can be returned back or replaced with something.
A cynic is a person who communicates with people just for the sake of calculation, because he is disappointed in them. This person denies everything lofty and beautiful, for him there is no spiritual love, only physical love. Such a person uses empathy to appear successful and confident between unlucky people.
The cynic is used to taunting valuable and significant things for others; he can easily express himself in a rude manner. He does not recognize authorities, he is always hostile to the opinions of others, considers his opinion extremely true, and therefore trusts himself. He is ironic in communication, but he seems to be an interesting person.
In modern society, cynicism is becoming fashionable. People do not become who they are, after which they suffer from intrapersonal conflicts. A person with a cynical character makes an impression of an advanced, fashionable, intelligent. He is often in the limelight, often due to his statements. A cynical person claims to be an inveterate realist and perceives the world impartially.
The behavior of cynics causes mixed feelings in many. Some - opposed to them, do not take cynical personalities for adequate citizens. Others like it when there is moderate cynicism in the character, because they consider it a sign of intelligence.
A cynical person can easily distinguish where they tell him the truth and where they try to deceive. Through loud words he can hear the truth. Some tend to be cynical, because they believe that this will give them a special charm, help to win against the background of not very smart personalities who will be enthusiastic about them.
A true cynic devalues everything that is important to others, what others live in, what they believe in, makes this very tactless. A cynical person does not expect anything good. Perhaps this happened because his life is full of disappointments, broken hopes, pain, and a bitter sediment does not allow sincerely to enjoy life and trust others.
A cynical worldview may be a sign of a person’s unconscious struggle with internal contradictions. The more cynical a person wants to show himself, plunging into despondency, the stronger his hope for the future. These hopes can be hidden very, very deeply, which sometimes, people themselves do not guess about them. Thus, it turns out that cynicism is a sign of personality weakness.
A person cannot be born a cynic, he becomes so from the influence of various life events. Some can very quickly become so, others are gradually approaching this, others do not become at all. It depends on the way of perceiving life failures, difficulties. Some are highly stress-resistant, so their faith in a happier future does not fade away, while others, with the smallest failures, pass and begin to despise what they are disappointed with. Every person has a moderate degree of cynicism. After all, everyone felt and experienced disappointment. If he has found the strength not to get caught up in the negative and move forward - this can be praised.
My firmament is crystal clear
And full of colorful pictures
Not because the world is beautiful
But because I'm a nerd
There are many ideas in life that are inconsistent with reality (and sometimes very delusional). For example, one of the popular stereotypes reads: “Study well to find a stable job with a decent salary”. And the overwhelming majority subscribing to this slogan, just go to get higher education, not fully understanding why they need it at all. A cynic would add the following phrase here: “Study well, so that later you can find work with a three-way employer.”
Another example of false stereotypes is sexual responsibilities, such as “A real man must ...”, “A real woman owes ...”. And again, the vast majority of people easily take it all for granted and very zealously follow such gender-role models. Cynicism shows all their absurdity, for example:
X. “A real woman will never argue with her husband. And even if he calls sugar black, she will agree with him, although he is white. ”
Ts. “Probably, if he buys vodka home instead of bread and meat, she will also unconditionally agree with him, right?”
In fact, everything that the traditionally popular ideology praises is nothing more than mental constructions (of this, very little corresponds to the inner nature). And the benefits of following this all are promised very ephemeral, ghostly.
Let's take such a popular phenomenon as the request of the boss to work after hours. Often this is served under the sauce of the fact that "you, as a person who cares about the fate of our whole business, will show an example of joy for a common cause." But in essence this means: “Go, laborer to the boss’s purse on the weekend to feel like a good employee.” For this, they can write out some real cash bonus, or they can simply limit themselves to a couple of laudable phrases like “thank you,” which you can’t spread on bread. And to spice up this praise with a worthless piece of paper with the loud name “Certificate of Merit”.
What is cynicism here?
- see the complete failure of popular myths, dogmas of morality
- put her in a humiliating and derogatory light
- follow your interests
And here this worldview system will allow you to win in two directions at once:
- learn to see the actions of people as they are
- relieve nervous tension, translating it into humorous notes, and arranging free entertainment on the spot
About cynical humor
I think you’ve heard phrases like “Five minutes of laughter prolong life”, “Comedians recover faster”, etc. There are quite real reasons for this, because physiological studies show one very interesting aspect of brain function. At the moment of laughing or perceiving something as funny, the brain actively produces natural “drugs - endogenous morphins or endorphins. The main task of these neurotransmitters is to facilitate the release of the body from stress and stop the destructive effect of the latter.
Therefore, the ironic-cynical attitude to stereotypes and social rules makes it possible to relieve mental stress and to walk lightly through life.
What is not cynicism?
Ivan Petrovich, everyone handed over the money to buy
ballpoint pens, but you - no!
So I already have mine, no longer need.
But the rest do not have them!
They handed over the money for pens? So everything is all right.
It can never be rudeness, rudeness, base vulgar jokes, and even more so, violence. Moreover, they are not hypocrisy, vulgarity and banal lies.
Cynicism is just a kind of argumentation, methods of derogatory description, as well as the ability to follow one’s interests contrary to the “axioms of sacrifice for the sake of society”.
Fun remedy for manipulation
In general, this topic was discussed in more detail in the corresponding article (link to it >>>) Here we will briefly consider the protection against “compliance professionals” using cynical response methods.
Manipulators are very fond of using various provisions of ethics, noble images and other particulars of a fairy-tale worldview in their manipulative schemes. Being a cynic, a person will immediately notice that there is a banal attempt against him to gain something. For example:
J. “Well, of course, real men have been transferred to us! Who will help me to paste the wallpaper on the weekend now? ”
M "Well, why are you transferred? They appear every time while female whims are satisfied. ”
That is, the sketching hero shows that the manipulator calls the one who fulfills her requirements a real man, and only as long as he fulfills them.
Three steps to mastering cynicism
I emphasize that I do not urge to become a cynic, because in order to live easily and happily, it is necessary that you control cynicism, and not you. And you can come to such control gradually if you follow the points below.
Debriefing. You just need to think on your own from time to time on various issues of morality, trying to approach this as critical as possible. I also recommend that you raise psychological research in relation to people who show all kinds of heroism, nobility and other list of socially approved phenomena.
Analysis of cynical statements. Look for cynical statuses, sarcastic quotes at your leisure and think about the fact that they all have in common, try to find as many similar features as possible.
Training in articulation. As you become interested, try to independently formulate the absurdity of some common beliefs. Do it in such a way that you yourself feel ridiculous about it, and this entertainment is a pleasure.
One of the most important qualities that help to master cynicism is skepticism. We will talk about him in the coming days. To not miss this article, subscribe to the blog. Till tomorrow!
What characteristics does a cynical person have? Meaning of the word “cynic”:
The expression "cynicism" is derived from the name of the philosophical ancient Greek school of cynics (in other words cynics). Its representatives (Diogenes, Antisthenes and others) preached such a view of generally accepted moral values and norms as neglect.
What does a cynical person mean? Simply put, he, as a rule, demonstratively shows his own immorality.
The meaning of the word "cynicism" in ancient times
What is cynicism? In the fourth century BC, philosophers who despised all conventions and sought to simplify life to the maximum called themselves cynics (or cynics) in the fourth century BC. In addition, they denied social traditions and ethical norms, and even illiteracy was accepted as a blessing.
Over time, the meaning of the word has changed a little. The “Cynical Man” has taken a broader definition.
Cynicism in modern times
In modern times, this is the name of people who neglect ethical and moral norms, and in a pointed manner. As a rule, cynics deny compassion, pity, shame and find motivation for any of their actions.
Everything beautiful and high is denied by them: love comes down to sex, sympathy for showing off against the background of not very lucky and successful, gratitude - to the desire to receive only profit. Such people are characterized by constant mockery of everything that is expensive and very significant for the majority, as well as rude formulations about all this.
There is no authority for such people. In their opinion, the truth is always on their side. They trust only themselves. In communication, they are often ironic and at the same time a little interesting.
Cynical person: features of communication with him
Unfortunately, cynicism is now fashionable. A person of this nature usually without much effort gives the impression of a smart, advanced. They themselves call themselves realists and believe that they judge the world impartially.
In general, the attitude towards them is ambiguous. On the one hand, such behavior usually causes protest and, for the most part, public outrage. And on the other hand, slight moderate cynicism is more often perceived by people as a sign of developed intelligence. A cynical person easily distinguishes truth and essence through any verbal husk.
Many of these people take advantage of the fact that even a small fraction of cynicism gives a smart person some charm that allows them to win against the background of enthusiastic people who are not far from the mind.
In general, people are arranged so that they need to believe in something, value something. And there will always be a person who devalues what is important for the people around him, and all this is done quite tactlessly. For him, tact and tact are also not a value.
Who is he? Just a cynical person. What normal person wants to communicate with him? After all, as a result of communicating with the cynic, the consequences are as if there is a feeling of emptiness, and life begins to seem primitive and even meaningless.
And living together with a cynic is unbearable. Otherwise, this is the path to depression and self-doubt.
How to become cynics
Cynicism is the result of life experience, and not very favorable. The more injustices and disappointments a person encounters on his way, the more likely he will become this very cynic.
All the ideals acquired in childhood are destroyed one after another when a person finds himself in a society with all the negative aspects that occur in him. And if he cannot accept the world as it is, and does not find new ideals, he can begin to deny everything that previously had value in it, and, of course, it is important for society. So a not so good cynical person is born.
An integral companion of this trait of man is pride. The cynic is not ready to admit his mistakes, shortcomings. It’s easier for him to make others guilty.
Usually cynicism affects adolescents. This is a kind of reaction to a personality change. So many teenagers protect themselves from a world that seems hostile to them. As they grow older, many outgrow this, but many remain cynical for life.
Is it possible to love a cynic?
Oddly enough, cynics are quite popular with the opposite sex. Most people mistakenly perceive cynicism for signs of the mind, self-confidence. These qualities are attractive. Usually girls admire this, considering them signs of the nature of a real man. By this, many strongly deceive themselves.
Moreover, they believe that a cynical person with them will be completely different: he will reveal his other side (enthusiastic and tender) and show what pure love relationships he is capable of. As a rule, such expectations do not come true. The reason is that love also does not exist for the cynic, because he is not capable of such feelings.
Cynicism in a person is more often manifested in situations where he feels despair (there is nothing left to lose) and his own impunity.
Signs of a Cynic
The cynic sometimes does not become one specifically, the transformation takes place on a subconscious level. A cynic can be considered only an adult who has finally formed psychologically. Children are not born cynical, this is a trait acquired in the process of growing up.
The main signs of a cynic:
- non-acceptance of public norms and orders,
- lack of moral values,
- rudeness, tactlessness and rudeness when communicating with other people,
- any methods, even immoral ones, are suitable for achieving your goals
- unhealthy sarcasm, irony,
- cruel attitude not only to people, but also to animals,
- lack of shame for the committed acts.
How do people become cynics
Most often, cynicism begins to manifest itself in the puberty period of development. At this age, a teenager tries to resist incorrect forms of education. He does not accept humiliation, insult, or demagogy from parents or teachers. At the same time, he casts doubt on the correctness of moral principles and even doubts their expediency.
If adults use the wrong methods of upbringing - they demand too much from the child or rudely make it clear that he is behaving incorrectly, this causes a reaction of resistance. A teenager turns into a cynic.
Sometimes children turn into cynics, whose parents exalt their child over others, consider them to be something better or more capable. Among the so-called. “Golden youth” often encounter cynics who behave immorally. Их выходки порой несут угрозу для других членов общество.
Цинизм возникает, когда граждане не доверяют политическим убеждениям властей. They are skeptical of high ranks, which provokes the emergence of simplified norms of behavior, as well as the transformation of personal motives.
Cynics mock everything "high", not considering it as such. This applies to both social concepts and the personal qualities of individuals.
Communication with cynics
Sometimes at the first meeting, cynics do not repel their behavior. A moderate manifestation of cynicism is often perceived as an outstanding intellect. Such a person gives the impression of a self-confident realist who stands firmly on his feet, knows a lot about life and will never give himself offense.
Male cynics are often popular with women due to their ability to successfully joke around others and also keep up interesting conversations. And only a long and deep communication shows that such a man does not appreciate the things that are important for an ordinary person. He is tactless and cannot experience the all-consuming strong feelings of love, affection or respect for other people.
Some vulnerable and sensitive persons are simply hiding behind a mask of cynicism. In this way, they struggle with their own weakness, which abhors them. Such people, for all their harshness in statements and rudeness in behavior, are nevertheless subject to social moral standards. They are able to fall in love and appreciate other people.
A person becomes a cynic not of his own free will. This is only a consequence of improper upbringing and problems in modern human society.
What is cynicism: the meaning in simple words, how to fight
Even that person who does not know the exact definition of cynicism recognizes the cynic without any problems if he encounters him: sarcastic, harsh, smirking, sarcastic. A robot, an insensitive beast, a strong personality, an unhappy and resentful person - as soon as the cynics are not called. Some want to become like this, while others dream of avoiding this in their lives. Why is there such a different attitude?
Kinism and cynicism
The modern concept of cynicism was preceded by the ideology of kinism. What did this suggest? Cynics opposed themselves to society, denied social norms and generally accepted values.
They emphasized that any human needs, including biological (animals), are natural, correct and allowed. Of course, complete freedom often looked asocial and more like arbitrariness.
Kinism was a counterculture; its representatives called themselves marginalized.
Modern cynicism is not so active and pronounced. It is often limited to thinking, mental opposition of the individual to society, and not to active actions.
What psychology says
The image of the cynic is beautiful for works of art and films, the topic of cynicism and its opposite (romanticism) can be talked about endlessly. And what does psychology think about this?
The problem of love is one of the most difficult topics. In short, the concept of “unconditional love” has been singled out in science, which implies that the mother accepts her child for who he is.
If we talk about love between a man and a woman, then on the one hand, there must be a similar acceptance, but on the other hand, the author of the theory of love Erich Fromm gave her the following definition: "This is an active interest in the life and development of the object of love."
It is also known that a healthy relationship involves mutually beneficial cooperation between two mature individuals.
And yes, it also does not do without chemistry, but it determines passion, love, and not love. Love is the result of a complex and lengthy work of two people. This is a complex of feelings and emotions, joint experience, support and help.
Thus, love is really always endowed with a goal and benefits, or rather love itself (strong relationships) is the goal. Every person has a need for love and a need to be meaningful. Both are satisfied in a relationship. In fact, all relationships (not only love) imply a mutual exchange of experience, knowledge, skills, elements of the inner world, etc.
As for third-party participants in the relationship (“bailers” on the topic of love), this is a matter of consumption.
By the way, it’s possible to solve it in a pair without any problems - not letting you cash in on your feelings, realize the doubtfulness of flowers, teddy bears and resorts for a couple who are three times more expensive than ordinary ones.
It is possible and necessary to demonstrate your love by actions that do not require expenses: hug, listen, support, talk, etc. If we are talking about shopping, then there is no point in chasing the signs “for couples”, “for families”, “for beloved "," For the beloved "and others.
Reasons for cynicism
Cynicism is necessary in some professions. So, for example, cynicism protects the doctor from emotional burnout, nervous breakdowns, and allows you to perform your work efficiently. Rescuers, firefighters, psychologists, sappers, police officers must work with cold calculation, controlling any feelings and emotions.
Why are doctors, judges, police officers not allowed to conduct the affairs of their loved ones? The risk is too high. Too many emotions and subjective attitudes. We need someone else who can rationally, cynically and objectively approach the issue.
Therefore, people of similar professions either become cynical in the course of work, or come to the profession already like that. This is their protective mechanism, which determines the preservation of individual health and work efficiency. But this is not the only reason for cynicism. From somewhere the same "already such" come from.
Cynicism is a product of the spiritual and moral formation of personality. Under what conditions does a person begin to doubt kindness, unconditional love and selflessness:
- heartache, disappointment, negative personal experience, which included a protection mechanism - cynicism,
- rude and authoritarian parents, incapable of love and high feelings,
- experiencing an intrapersonal and existential crisis, the loss of ideals, the collapse of illusions and hopes, a sense of injustice in the world,
- a sense of threat and insecurity, loss of support in life,
- a sense of impunity, a conviction of superiority,
- selfishness and pride
- desire to express individuality, to oppose stereotypes and conformism.
Thus, people become cynics after negative experiences in family or love relationships or when other people are subordinate to them. The disappointment and complex of God are the main causes of cynicism.
Cynicism as a consequence of psychological trauma is more common. Denial is one of the mechanisms of psychological defense. But cynicism is essentially a denial.
How to fight
From the material of the third paragraph of this article, one might think that science just makes people cynical. May be. In about the same way, for a person, the sensation of magic and magic disappears from tricks or phenomena of the surrounding world if he understands the laws of physics and chemistry.
The problem is that you need to surround yourself with appropriate people in order to avoid misunderstanding and resentment. Cynicism becomes a problem when it completely deprives a person of family, relationships, friends. And since a person is a social creature, then without development his development is impossible.
If you just decided to fight cynicism, then you should start with the development of humanity in yourself. What does this suggest:
- prioritization of spiritual values.
Cynicism comes in contact with egoism and realism. The cynic is driven by the idea of satisfying one's own needs and interests, material and personal desires. He expects the same from others. If you want to get rid of cynicism - develop romanticism and eliminate selfishness. Start yourself disinterestedly to do something for others, develop empathy, learn empathy.
Remember when you last enjoyed life and saw something beautiful. It was necessary, because cynicism is an acquired feeling. Cynics are those who are disappointed in life and want to hide from the world. Come back at that moment and try to recreate it now.
Perhaps the whole of modern society can be called cynical. But positive examples have been preserved that confirm the existence of spiritual values.
Look for positive examples, for example, how the whole world people raised money for someone for treatment or how a doctor performed a free operation. There are many similar examples, one just wants to see them.
But be careful, do not fall into romanticism and building castles in the air.
The war of good and evil will never cease to exist, as well as the precarious position of each person between them.
Who are cynical people and how to identify them
Hello dear readers. In this article, you will find out who a cynic is in simple words. You will know what types this concept includes. Find out what factors can influence the development of cynicism. Let's talk about the characteristic manifestations of this condition. Check out examples of fictional characters with cynicism.
General information and classification
The word cynic comes from "cynicus", which is translated from Latin as "cynicus". It is not surprising that the word cynic is regarded as a synonym for cynic. This also includes shameless, shameful, insolent.
There was a direction in philosophy, which was represented by cynics - people who wanted to get rid of conventions, to withdraw from the family, society, and the state.
Illiteracy, rude behavior were considered as a good deed.
Cynicism is a deliberate disregard for ethics, moral values. He expresses internal rebellion. Cynicism can occur when a person feels impunity, he has nothing more to lose.
A cynic is a person who opposes moral standards accepted in society. Often it is associated with irony, tactlessness, a sense of permissiveness and rude behavior.
Looking at a cynical person, one gets the impression that such concepts as kindness, sympathy, pity and modesty are unusual for him.
But it is worth considering the fact that some individuals hide their hypersensitivity under cynicism, because they consider it their weakness.
If cynicism is moderate, then it is considered as a manifestation of intelligence. It may seem that the cynic is confident, will never allow himself to be deceived. Cynical men are interested in girls, because they know how to joke ironically, such personalities are interesting interlocutors.
But with prolonged communication, it becomes clear that the young man devalues those things that are significant for others, that he is not capable of deep feelings. Love and normal communication with the cynic is possible in a person who has a cynical character. But vulnerable people are better off not having a relationship with a cynical person.
Unless cynicism is a mask that allows you to hide your sensitivity.
Cynicism may vary in different people. These types are distinguished.
- Healthy cynic. Such a person will not participate in the lottery, will be indifferent to letters that are clearly fraudulent. From one point of view, these are good traits, such a person is reasonable, and on the other, an indifferent attitude.
- Malicious pest. Any cynic who does not have the opportunity to stop on time will certainly fall into a similar state. He will be indifferent to the failure of others, will ignore losers. These cynics are absolutely unhappy people.
- Anti lyric. Such a person can not stand kisses at a meeting, giving flowers, valentines. But this does not mean that he is completely devoid of feelings, in fact, this individual believes that such acts are not a manifestation of the truth of romance. Such a person is a maximalist, he hates cheating and often goes to extremes. The cynicism of this person is a way of opposing obsessive opinion and commonplace. There is a risk that the anti-lyric will begin to withdraw into himself or begin to commit evil in relation to other people. When you want a lot, but you get little, there is anger at people.
- Black comedian. Despite the fact that this type is the most harmless, it can very strongly offend a sensitive person. Despite the “black” jokes, such a cynic has a feeling of compassion. Black humor is visible to them, just like jokes. He can share the reality and the invented world. The negative aspects of this type are that people can perceive such a person as evil. The individual must feel the limits of what is permitted, and not be obsessive, imposing his jokes on other people. If black humor is not appreciated in a certain circle, you need not continue to joke in this way or get upset because people do not perceive such jokes.
- A materialist without imagination. Such a cynic has a strong mind that crowds out his feelings. Sometimes it’s on his hand. This individual will not suffer from unrequited love. If he realizes that someone does not feel sympathy for him, then he will simply turn his attention to other people. If any problem arises, he will not suffer, he will simply change the situation. In fact, such a person is devoid of many things in life. For example, being in sessions at the cinema, a person will not evaluate the picture in general, he will observe how well the actors play. Such individuals do not believe in selflessness; they are incapable of empathy. There is a risk that only business relationships will remain in life.
There is another type of classification.
- Legal. Cynicism is directed at laws, legal norms, unwillingness to live in accordance with them.
- Public. This cynicism is observed in a group of people who want to have a happy society, from individuals who are comfortable coexisting. At the same time, moral standards that are inherent in a given society are not taken into account.
- Social cynicism. It appears in the middle of a single community of people.
- Economic. Characterized by dissatisfaction with the system of the economy existing in the country, the functioning of economic laws at the time of development of society.
Reasons for the development of cynicism
Unrequited love or betrayal can cause cynicism
- When a child is faced with some kind of injustice in childhood, it begins to hide its inner pain and hide under external indifference. If at the moment the parents do not help to cope with the sensations, do not explain how to survive, then over time he will get used to a similar reaction and turn into a cynic.
When a boy or girl encounters unrequited love, they will begin to convince others that real feelings do not exist. A woman who has survived the betrayal of a loved one, his betrayal, will begin to assure others that men cannot remain faithful to their partner all their lives. And all because of the fact that this individual can not cope with his loss.
Cynicism is present in people of certain professions. They need it for fruitful work. Cynicism helps in the career of lawyers, doctors, consultants. For example, consider doctors. If they had to feel all the suffering and pain of their patients, they would very quickly become emotionally exhausted and would not be able to work professionally.
So it turns out that the following factors can be the causes of cynicism:
- improper parenting, a personal example of cynicism that is adopted by a child in adulthood,
- a constant violation of the rights of an individual, leading to the realization that laws are only of a legal nature,
- an unfair treatment of rights and personal freedom provokes the cynicism necessary for protection,
Cynical man opposes lofty ideals, feelings, he does not believe in love
- Such a person does not think about shame, she is sure that she can buy everything, that there are no things that need to be valued.
A typical state of such a person is characterized by:
- disturbing thoughts
- inner void
- complete confusion
- the realization that there is injustice in the world, but there is not enough courage to show the leader’s abilities and show his best sides.
- Ostap Bender is a character who wants to get the maximum benefit in everything. He believed that people like a lot of cynicism.
- Evgeny Bazarov is a character in the work of Turgenev. It was dominated by pride, skepticism and nihilism. Behind the cynicism of this hero was a fear of loneliness.
Теперь Вы знаете, каково значение слова циник. Сегодня цинизм входит в моду. An individual may not be able to achieve an image that he has invented for himself or, for example, having received a specialty that is not to his liking, he will face an intrapersonal conflict.
In the eyes of some people, the cynic looks like an unusual and intelligent person.
Who are the cynical people and how to define them Link to the main publication
Cynic and features of life with him
Cynicism is now in fashion. A cynic always easily gives the impression of a smart person who looks at the root, you can’t deceive him, like some idealist.
Cynics themselves like to call themselves realists and claim to impartially judge the world. However, communication with a cynical person leaves an unpleasant feeling.
And living together with a cynic is a direct path to depression and self-doubt.
What is cynicism
In the IV century BC, cynics (or cynics in Latin transcription) called themselves philosophers who despised conventions and sought to simplify life as much as possible. They denied ethical standards and social traditions, strove for naturalness and even considered illiteracy a blessing.
Over time, as is usually the case, the meaning of the word “cynicism” has changed somewhat. Today this is the name of people who defiantly neglect ethical and moral standards. Cynics deny pity, compassion and shame, find low motivation for any act.
Such people deny everything "high" and reduce love for sex, gratitude for the desire to profit, sympathy for the dream to show off against the background of those who are unlucky. Cynics are characterized by harsh language and constant ridicule of what is dear to others and significant to others.
How to become cynics
Cynicism is a child of life experience, and experience is not very favorable. The more people face injustices and disappointments, the more likely they are to become cynical.
Children's ideals are broken one by one, and if a person cannot find new ideals or accept the world as it is, he begins to deny everything that was previously important to him.
And at the same time what is important to others.
Pride is an essential companion of cynicism. A person is not ready to admit his shortcomings or mistakes, it is easier for him to blame others, to find the reason for his failures in the imperfection of the world.
As a rule, cynicism is characteristic of adolescence, when it becomes a reaction to a personality change. Thus, many adolescents defend themselves from a world that seems too hostile to them.
Over time, many "outgrow" this worldview, while others remain cynics forever.
The attitude to cynics in society can be described as ambiguous. On the one hand, cynical behavior and ridicule of the "high" usually cause protest and resentment of people.
On the other hand, moderate cynicism is often perceived as a sign of outstanding intelligence. The cynic seems like a man who cannot be deceived, because he can easily discern the true essence of things through verbal husks.
For such people there are no authorities, they trust only themselves, they are often ironic and quite interesting in communication.
A little bit of cynicism gives a smart person a certain charm: such people undoubtedly win against the backdrop of enthusiastic, but dim-witted acquaintances
. However, real cynics are rather unpleasant people in communication. A person is so arranged that he needs to believe in something, something (and respect someone), to value something.
Cynics, on the other hand, constantly devalue what is important to others, and they are not doing it very tactfully, since tact and delicacy are also not valuable to them.
As a result, after communicating with the cynic, many feel devastated: life seems meaningless and primitive, past values, cynically questioned, artificial and miserable.
Cynics are very popular with the opposite sex. Many mistakenly take cynicism