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Human rights in Russia


A rights advocacy group consists of people who come together to discuss, study, advertise, and / or lobby for a specific issue. Problems with homelessness, disability and the environment, as well as child abuse, are just a few examples that motivate people to find solutions through advocacy groups. Such groups can be initiated by one or two participants or by entire organizations. Consider the necessary steps for the formation of an initiative group.

Human Rights Organizations

Foundation "In Defense of the Rights of Prisoners"

A human rights organization that protects human rights violated in the penal system. The Foundation considers only those complaints that concern violations of the rights of a prisoner (a person held in prison).

"For Human Rights"

The All-Russian public movement "For Human Rights" was created on November 20, 1997. It was originally conceived as a federation of human rights organizations. The movement brought together dozens of ready-made, often registered regional human rights organizations, as well as constantly emerging initiative groups. The motto of the Movement was the words: “Law. Justice, Compassion. "

The statutory goal of the All-Russian Movement "For Human Rights" was proclaimed the formation of the rule of law and the development of civil society in Russia.

Civic Assistance Committee

Regional public charitable organization for assistance to refugees and internally displaced persons. The committee was created in 1990 by a group of Muscovites to help the first refugees of the era of "perestroika" and the collapse of the USSR - the victims of the Armenian pogroms in Azerbaijan.

Civil Rights Committee

Interregional public charitable human rights organization. The main types of activities are monitoring of observance of human rights (including in places of detention and preliminary detention), correspondence and legal consultations, seminars, press conferences and other events.

Committee Against Torture

Russian non-profit organization working in the field of human rights. At present, the Committee has the official status of an interregional public organization.

The Committee was founded in 2000 by a number of well-known Nizhny Novgorod human rights defenders as a human rights organization whose task was to exercise public control over the situation related to the problem of the spread of torture and ill-treatment in Russia and the provision of professional legal and medical assistance to victims of torture.

International Society "Memorial"

“Memorial” is a movement whose primary task was originally to preserve the memory of political repression in the recent past of our country. Now it is a community of dozens of organizations in Russia, Belarus, Germany, Italy, France, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Ukraine, conducting research, human rights and educational work.

Moscow Helsinki Group

The oldest of the existing human rights organizations in Russia, it was created in 1976 in Moscow. The initiator and first head of the MHG was a well-known physicist, corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, Professor Yuri Fedorovich Orlov. According to the Statute adopted in 1993, the Moscow Helsinki Group is a non-governmental public organization. Its purpose is to facilitate the practical implementation of the humanitarian articles of the Final Act of the Helsinki Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE).

Public Verdict Foundation

The fund was created in February 2004 and acts as a non-political non-profit organization that provides legal assistance to protect human rights to citizens who have suffered from unlawful actions by Russian law enforcement agencies.

The purpose of the fund is to create an atmosphere of intolerance in the country for the practice of violation of human rights by law enforcement agencies. The Fund seeks to establish civilian control over their activities.

"Russia without torture"

"Public control as an effective mechanism for preventing human rights violations in places of detention. The Russian model" is a joint project of the Commissioner for Human Rights in the Russian Federation and the Directorate for the Protection of Human Rights of the Council of Europe, which is carried out with the assistance of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation and the Presidential Council Federation for the Development of Civil Society and Human Rights.

Union of Committees of Soldiers' Mothers of Russia

Protection of the rights of conscripts, draftees and their parents. Now members of the union are about 300 regional organizations of soldiers' mothers. This is the largest women's organization in Russia.

Transparency International - R

The Center for Anti-Corruption Research and Initiatives Transparency International - Russia is an autonomous non-profit organization aimed at combating corruption in Russia and spreading an anti-corruption worldview.

The activities of the TI-R Center are aimed at solving three problems: providing legal assistance in corruption cases, institutionalizing transparency, preventing corruption through ensuring the effectiveness of anti-corruption mechanisms.

"Publicity Protection Fund"

The main goal of the Fund is to promote the preservation and development of the legal space in which domestic print and electronic media operate, and through them to promote the democratization of the information environment, science, politics, education in modern Russia. The employees of the Glasnost Defense Fund have put themselves, their experience and knowledge in the service of truth, public good and law for the full development of civil society in Russia.

Center for the Promotion of Criminal Justice Reform "Prison and Freedom"

The oldest human rights organization that deals with prisoners, criminal justice and the enforcement of sentences. The center was established in 1988 by Valery Abramkin with the support of Academician Andrei Sakharov.

The Center’s activities are aimed at introducing international and European standards in the field of treatment of prisoners into Russian practice, including ending torture and degrading treatment and punishment, refusing ineffective methods of re-educating and correcting prisoners, involving representatives of various social and professional groups and organizing civil society in rehabilitation of prisoners.

The list of human rights organizations is not exhaustive; it lists the most famous NGOs.

Universal human rights treaty

Celebrating this day began in 1950 after the General Assembly adopted a resolution urging all states and interested organizations to establish December 10 of each year as Human Rights Day.

“All people are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and must act towards each other in a spirit of brotherhood, ”reads the first article of the Declaration of Human Rights.

There are 30 articles in the document. They emphasize the principles of dignity, freedom, equality and fraternity, proclaim the right to life and prohibit slavery, determine the rights of a citizen in society, determine social, economic and cultural rights, proclaim spiritual, social and political freedoms, such as freedom of religion and freedom of association.

In 1948, at a meeting of the UN General Assembly, the Declaration was supported by most of the participating countries, and only 10 countries abstained or voted against. Among the latter was the Soviet Union. Only after the accession of the USSR in 1976 to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights did the USSR formally enter the circle of countries that recognized and committed to respect human rights.

The declaration has been translated into more than 300 languages ​​of the world, it has become one of the most common texts in world history. Many constitutions of states, primarily those that were adopted after the Second World War, present in one form or another the ideas of the first article of the Declaration.

What organizations advocate for human rights?

United Nations Organization (UN) conducts dialogue with all governments in order to ensure human rights, protects human rights throughout the UN system.

UNESCO - assists in strengthening peace and security by expanding the cooperation of states and peoples in the fields of education, science and culture.

UNICEF - ensuring a peaceful life for all the children of the planet.

International Labor Organization (ILO) - improving working and living conditions, stimulating employment, unlocking the potential of the workforce, developing social institutions.

World Health Organization (WHO) - The Council of Europe - protection of human rights and democracy, assistance to the countries of Central and Eastern Europe in carrying out political, legislative and constitutional reforms.

European Court of Human Rights - The main law institute of the European Community. Considers disputes in which parties to the Community and private individuals may be.

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) - arms control, peaceful resolution of conflicts, protection of human rights, control over the conduct of elections, ensuring economic and environmental security.

Doctors Without Borders - protection and realization of the human right to receive medical care. It works in areas captured by rebels, regardless of the policies of official authorities.

Human rights watch - Conducting research on the human rights situation in 70 countries around the globe.

World Organization Against Torture - the fight against the use of torture and other forms of inhuman treatment of people.

Amnesty international - stands for compliance with international standards, puts pressure on people who violate human rights.

How is Human Rights Day celebrated in Russia?

Since 1977, human rights defenders on the International Day of Human Rights have been holding the so-called “Silence Meeting” on Pushkin Square in Moscow. Also on this day, Russian journalists are awarded the Andrei Sakharov Prize "For Journalism as an Act."

As a rule, rallies are held on this day dedicated to events in the country and the world, which cause a strong resonance in society as unjust, inhumane and degrading people.